Wilson Lake is located in northern Alabama in the city of Florence and extends upstream for 15 miles to Wheeler Dam, covering 15,500 acres. Largemouth bass, smallmouth bass and catfish are targeted most often by anglers on Wilson Lake. No minimum size limits are in effect for largemouth bass and spotted bass, and the minimum length for smallmouth bass is 14 inches. Fishing tips on Wilson Lake During the spring and fall, smallmouth bass congregate in the tailwaters of Wheeler Dam. Many anglers drift live threadfin shad, in the swift current for trophy smallmouths. Other species that live below Wheeler Dam are hybrid and saltwater striped bass in the spring, sauger in the winter and blue catfish and channel catfish during the summer. This area is very popular with both boats and bank anglers. A fishing platform directly below the dam is convenient for bank anglers. Tie on crankbaits or soft plastics that mimic shad or crawfish.